Ethnozoology: Fauna and Their Products as Traditional Curative, protective, and preventive medicines and Prospection of Animal Conservation

Authors

  • Mastewal Hailemariam Debre Berhan University
  • Sefi Mekonen Bahir Dar University

Keywords:

Biodiversity, Conservation, Ethnobiology, Indigenous knowledge, Zootherapy

Abstract

Across the globe, traditional medicinal knowledge of indigenous people has played an important role in identifying living organisms which are endowed with medicinal values for treating human and livestock health problems. Increased this understanding of medical systems in a historical context can potentially bring new insights into the medical significance of fauna in the past and open new therapeutic perspectives in the future. This review paper explore the existing sources and research papers on the medicinal use of animals to provide a summary of historical context in which zootherapy developed in the world, knowledge and document remedies and treatments currently used, and highlight the contributions made by the field of Ethnozoology. Beyond the use of animals for traditional medicine, Ethnozoology is increasingly becoming more relevant to discussions on conservation biology, cultural development, economic development, medical value and sanitary value. Despite their importance, studies on the therapeutic uses of animals and their body parts have been neglected, when compared to plants. Therefore, series steps should be made towards improving understanding of the use of animals in traditional medicine, and improving the management and regulation of the traditional medicine network for conservation and sustainability of animals.

Author Biographies

Mastewal Hailemariam, Debre Berhan University

Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia

Sefi Mekonen , Bahir Dar University

Department of Fisheries and Aquatics Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

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Published

2021-06-30

How to Cite

Mastewal Hailemariam, & Sefi Mekonen. (2021). Ethnozoology: Fauna and Their Products as Traditional Curative, protective, and preventive medicines and Prospection of Animal Conservation. Berhan International Research Journal of Science and Humanities, 5(1), 47–72. Retrieved from http://journals.dbu.edu.et/index.php/birjsh/article/view/86